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Of the between to the person (ACP), by Carl Rogers-centred approach



Text of Carl Rogers
Translation Olga Kauffmann
Subtitles Yves Le Petit – Laborde


That is what I mean by an approach centered on the client or a person-centred approach?


For me, cela expresses the fundamental theme of all my professional life, because this theme is clarified through the experience, interaction with others and looking.
This theme has been exploited, and found effective in many different areas until the broad label of the person-centred approach would have appeared more descriptive.
The central hypothesis of this approach can be summarized as follows:


"Each individual has considerable capacity to understand, to change the idea he has of himself, his attitudes and his way to behave; It may draw on these resources, provided that it is ensured a climate of psychological "enabling" attitudes which can be determined."


Three conditions are this climate favouring development and it is a relationship between the therapist and client, parent and child, the leader and group, Professor and the pupil or the Director and his team…
In fact, the conditions shall apply to any situation in which the objective is the development of the person. (…)


1 – The congruence


The first element focuses on authenticity or congruence.
Plus the therapist himself, or herself, in the relationship, not professional facade or personal, larger image displaying is the probability that the customer will change and grow in a constructive manner.
Cela means that the therapist is openly feelings and attitudes that flow in him at the time.
There is a State of unification, or congruence between the ongoing emotional experience at the level of the guts, the conscience of this experience and what is expressed to the client.


2 – The unconditional positive regard


The second important to create an environment promoting change is the acceptance or attention, or the consideration: the unconditional positive regard.
Cela means that when the therapist experienced a positive, free of judgment, accepting attitude towards the customer is at the moment, whatever it is, then the therapeutic movement, or change, is more likely.


Cela asks the therapist will let the client be the feeling that it is experiencing, whatever it is: confusion, resentment, fear, anger, courage, love or pride.
It is not possessive attention.
When the therapist accepts the client in a total way rather than conditional, a movement forward is likely.


3 – Empathy


The third facilitative aspect of the relationship is empathic understanding.
Cela means that the therapist feels exactly the feelings and personal meanings that the client is trying to experiment and that it communicates this accepting understanding to the client.
When operation is at his best, the therapist is so immersed in the world deprived of the other, that he or she can not only to clarify the meanings of which the client is aware but even those just below the level of consciousness.
This type of listening, very special, active, is one of the most powerful forces that I know to promote change.


The evidence


There is an accumulation of evidence, gradually generated through research, which, in general, argue that when these enabling conditions are present, changes in personality and behavior are really involved.
This research has been pursued in this country and in others, 1949 to date.
Studies were made on changes in attitudes and behaviour in the field of psychotherapy, education, aptitude for learning, and the behavior of schizophrenics.
In general, these studies are a confirmation.


Confidence


The practice, theory and research make it clear that the person-centred approach is based on a trust basis in the person.
It is perhaps its most acute point of difference with most institutions in our culture.
In education, the Government; Affairs, a good part of family life, of psychotherapy, is practically based on a mistrust in the person.


The individual is seen as unable to choose goals that suit him, also should be fixing them him.
And must guide him towards these goals, because otherwise it could deviate from the selected path.
Teachers, parents, supervisors develop procedures to ensure that the individual is progressing towards the chosen goal. examinations, controls, questions are some of the methods used.
The person is seen as a being inherently sinful, destructive, lazy or all three at once. And this person must constantly be monitored.


But the person-centred approach is based on the updating, this trend in every living organism: the tendency to hatching, to development, to the realization of its full potential.
This way to be trusted in the constructive directional trend of human beings towards more complex and more comprehensive development.
Our goal is to liberate this directional trend.


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